Is this your first time hearing or learning about a bone grafting procedure? You don’t need to be scared of the procedure because it is usually managed by dental implant professionals.
Bone grafting is a dental procedure that involves extracting bone from somewhere in the body, usually the hip or chin, and inserting it in the jawbone. It is normally done before the dental implant procedure to reinforce insufficient bone in the jaw by fusing and supporting the dental implant.
Is Bone Grafting Necessary For Dental Implant?
Although bone grafting often takes place before the dental implant procedure, it is not always necessary for the procedure. Before carrying out the dental implant procedure, your dental implant dentist or oral surgeon first examines your jawbone structure to see whether your jawbone is too soft, too thin, or insufficient to support the dental implant. If there is no sufficient jawbone, you undergo a dental implant with bone grafting procedure to prevent dental implant failure over time.
Will A Bone Graft Affect The Length Of The Treatment?
If you eventually undergo a dental implant with bone grafting procedure, the bone grafting procedure will definitely affect the length of the overall dental implant treatment. Dental implant surgery, typically, requires multiple stages and procedures. Bone grafting is also another procedure on its own. Adding an additional dental procedure to the dental implant surgery makesthe whole treatment process take longer time.
There are 5 main places from where the dental implant bone grafting material can be extracted. hese are:
- From the patient
- From another person (donor)
- From an animal
- From synthetic dental materials
- From a dead body (cadaver)
The dental implant dentist determines the best source for bone grafting material. This depends on which source the dentist feels will work best for the patient as well as the size of the bone grafts.
Little Bone Grafting
In the case where the dentist has to remove any damaged or broken teeth, there may still be some bone in the jaw where a little bone grafting may be required. Little bone grafting involves placing extracted bone in the form of granules into the empty socket. The socket is then covered with a protective collagen membrane using stitches. This type of grafting does not usually add to treatment recovery time. The granulated bone becomes part of the natural bone in the socket within a few weeks, keeping the original jawbone height.
Medium Bone Grafting
This type of grafting is required when more significant jawbone has been lost and both the height and width of the jawbone need restoration. During this procedure, the dental implant dentist makes a small incision in the affected jawbone area and then inserts the bone granules. This helps to build up the affected jawbone area and also restores its height and width as it heals.
Big Bone Grafting
When a patient has lost multiple teeth over a long period of time, they experience a severe loss of jawbone. In such a case, the dental implant dentist suggests a big bone grafting.
In this procedure, instead of bone granules, the dentist uses a block of bone extracted from any of the 5 sources listed above. The dentist attaches the bone block to the jaw using screws and plates. This provides a foundation and support for the dental implant. Bone granule is used to fill in the available small spots anda membrane is placed over the whole affected area using stitches. It usually takes several months for osseointegration to take place before the dental implant can be inserted.
This is another type of bone grafting normally done for the upper jaw. A patient with severe bone loss on his or her upper jaw usually requires a dental implant with bone grafting. Because the sinuses are right above the upper jaw, extra care must be taken with drilling near the area.
As a hollow cavity, the sinus cannot support the dental implant. Before the dental implant can be done, the dental implant dentist needs to lift the floor of the sinus to allow space to insert more bone. The dentist makes an incision in the gingival tissue to create a little opening into the sinus cavity. From this opening, the sinus membrane is detached and lifted from the sinus walls.
The bone grafting material is then placed in-between the sinus membrane and the sinus floor. After inserting enough bone grafting material, the dentist places a collagen membrane to secure the inserted bone grafting material. After then, the dentist closes the little opening with stitches. A sinus lift procedure typically requires about 4 months for complete healing before the dental implant can be inserted.
Remember, there are four major types of bone grafting, which are little bone grafting, medium bone grafting, big bone grafting, and sinus lifting. The type of bone grafting you receive depends on the amount of jawbone needed for the dental implant procedure.
Bone Grafting Complications
Considering the various types of bone grafting, you may wonder if a dental implant with bone grafting is really safe.
A dental implant with bone grafting is safe only when performed by a licensed and professional dental implant dentist. Nevertheless, just like every other surgery, bone grafting has its own complications and risks. Even though these complications are rare, they sometimes still occur.
Here are some potential complications of bone grafting:
- Bacterial infection
- Damages to the natural teeth, nerves, or blood vessels.
- Tingling and numbness in the gingivae, cheeks, and lips.
- Sinus problems in the upper jaw
- Pain, swelling, and bruising
After a bone grafting procedure, you will possibly experience pain, swelling, discomfort, slightbleeding, and bruising in your gingivae and possibly face. These healing signs subside in time.. However, if any of these signs worsen or give you cause for concern, quickly consult your dentist for pain relieving medications or coping tips.
To have a durable and long lasting dental implant with bone grafting, choose a reputable dental implant dentist or oral surgeon. This greatly reduces your risk of complications. For more information or answers to your inquiry, contact VIP Dental Implants today.